The Boeing F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornet are both variants of the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet fighter jet. Carrier-based and twin-engined, the F/A-18E and F are larger and more sophisticated than their predecessors, the F/A-18C and D Hornet. The F/A-18E is a single seat fighter, while the F/A-18F features a pilot and co-pilot sat in tandem. Both variants of the Super Hornet carry a 20mm cannon, as well as air-air and air-surface armaments. They can also carry a maximum of five external fuel tanks, and can even act as an airborne refuelling tanker if required.
With a maximum speed of Mach 1.8 and a range of 1,275 nautical miles, the Super Hornet is both faster and more versatile than previous incarnations of the Hornet. It features a total of eleven weapons hardpoints: two at the wingtips, six under the wing and three under the fuselage, allowing it to take on a variety of different combat roles. Common armaments for the Super Hornet include the AIM-9 Sidewinder and AIM-7 Sparrow air-air missiles, AGM-65 Maverick air-surface missiles, and the Paveway range of laser guided bombs. Laser targeting pods can be fitted to the aircraft’s hardpoints if required.
Currently in service with the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and US Navy, the Super Hornet entered production in 1995. Since then, over 500 of the aircraft have been built, at a cost of $66.9 million per unit. The aircraft entered service with the US Navy in 1999, and the RAAF in 2010.
The Super Hornet began life as the Hornet 2000 project, a prototype version of the regular F/A-18 Hornet designed to take larger engines and an increased payload. McDonnell Douglas (later taken over by Boeing) pitched the Super Hornet to the US Navy as a replacement for the ageing Grumman A-6 Intruder and LTV A-7 Corsair II, as the Navy’s original planned replacement, the McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger, had run into budgetary problems and was likely to be cancelled. The Navy liked the upgraded Hornet, and placed their initial order for the plan in 1992. The Super Hornet also ended up replacing the F-14 Tomcat, meaning that Hornet variants made up the Navy’s entire complement of fighters until the early 21st century.
Maximum speed: Mach 1.8+ (1,190 mph, 1,900 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,190 m)
Range: 1,275 nmi (2,346 km) clean plus two AIM-9s
Combat radius: 390 nmi (449 mi, 722 km) for interdiction mission
The Lockheed Martin / Boeing F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation fighter jet, currently in service with the United States Air Force (USAF). It is notable for being the first fifth-generation fighter to reach active service, as well as the USAF’s first supermaneuverable production aircraft. Concieved as an aerial superiority fighter, the F-22 incorporates stealth technology to increase battlefield survivability, and can also take on electronic warfare and surface strike roles if required. It was principally built by Lockheed Martin, with Boeing acting as a secondary contractor to provide part of the plane’s airframe and on board systems. Production ended in 2011 to make way for the forthcoming F-35 Lightning II.
The F-22 is powered by twin Pratt and Whitney F119 turbofan engines, each generating 23,500 pounds of thrust. This figure increases to over 35,000 pounds with afterburner engaged, and gives the Raptor a supercruise speed of Mach 1.82. The aircraft has a range of over 1,600 nautical miles, which can be extended to 1,840 with the addition of external fuel tanks. It is armed with a 20mm M61A2 Vulcan gatling cannon, and has four hardpoints under its wings. Most of the F-22’s armament is stored inside the fuselage of the aircraft in an effort to improve its stealth characteristics. It can be fitted with either air-to-air missiles, including the AIM-9 Sidewinder and AIM-120 AMRAAM, or small bombs such as the JDAM or GBU-39. The hardpoints can be used to increase weapons loadout or to carry 600 gallon external drop tanks.
The Raptor is currently only operated by the USAF, due in no small part to US Congress placing a ban on all F-22 exports. The Japanese government has expressed an interest in using the aircraft in its Replacement-Fighter program, but as of 2013 no move has been forthcoming. Congress, the Pentagon and the State Department would all need to ratify the sale if it were to go ahead.
195 Raptors were produced between 1996 and 2011, including eight test aircraft. With a cost per unit of $150 million, the total F-22 program is estimated to have cost around $66.7 billion. The aircraft’s cost was a major factor in the decision to end the Raptor program, as the replacement F-35 is a considerably cheaper option.
At altitude: Mach 2.25 (1,500 mph, 2,410 km/h) [estimated]
Supercruise: Mach 1.82 (1,220 mph, 1,963 km/h)
Range: >1,600 nmi (1,840 mi, 2,960 km) with 2 external fuel tanks
Combat radius: 410 nmi (with 100 nmi in supercruise) (471 mi, 759 km)
Ferry range: 2,000 mi (1,738 nmi, 3,219 km)
Service ceiling: 65,000 ft (currently restricted to 44,000 ft, sans vests) (19,812 m)
Rate of climb: 40,000+ ft/min (200 m/s)
Wing loading: 77 lb/ft² (375 kg/m²)
Thrust/weight: 1.05 (1.26 with loaded weight & 50% fuel)